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- Different Varieties of Quail Production Cycle
The lifespan of quails is relatively short, usually about 2 years. Their growth rhythm is relatively fast, and they usually begin to lay eggs 35-45 days after birth. During this period, there is a peak egg production period of 8-10 months, after which the egg production will decline and enter an old state, most of which are eliminated after one year of breeding.
This article introduces the production cycle of different species of quail around the world.
The production cycle of different species of quail worldwide
1. China White Feather Quail Production Cycle
China White-feather Quail is a new line of white-feather quail jointly bred by the Beijing Bird Breeding Company’s Quail Farm, China Agricultural University, and Nanjing Agricultural University. The pure white feathers (recessive) are similar to Korean quail, with white body feathers and occasional yellow streaks. The female quail has light yellow spots in the young stage. The skin of the carcass is white or light yellow with a beautiful appearance. It has the characteristics of sex-linked inheritance and is the male parent of self-separated male and female matching lines. Breeding results of Beijing quail breeding farm: adult female quail weighs about 130~140 grams, and starts production at 40~50 days. The average annual egg production is 265, the average egg production rate is 75%~80%, and the egg weight is 11.5~13.5 grams. The eggshell has plaques and spots, and each quail consumes 23-25 grams of food per day. The feed-to-egg ratio is 2.73:1, the mating age is 90 to 300 days, and the fertilization rate is 90%.
2. Japan Quail Production Cycle
Japanese quail is one of the world-famous standard egg-type quails and an important gene pool for quail species. The plumage is chestnut brown, the head is dark brown, the center has light straight lines, the back is auburn, and the yellow straight stripes and dark horizontal lines are evenly scattered, and the color of the belly feathers is lighter. The male quail’s face, jaw, and throat are auburn, and the breast feathers are brick red; the female quail’s face is light brown, the lower jaw is off-white, and the breast feathers are light brown with black spots of varying thicknesses that resemble chicken hearts. The breast color of male quails is reddish, and the breast of female quails has black spots. It has the characteristics of small size, less material consumption, early sexual maturity, and high egg production. Newborn quails weigh 6-7 grams, adult male quails weigh about 110 grams, and female quails weigh about 140 grams. The daily feed intake is 25-30 g/bird, and production starts at 35-40 days old, 250-300 eggs are laid every year, the egg weight is about 10.5 g, and the average egg production rate can reach more than 80%. The fertilization rate of breeding eggs is 75%~80%, and the hatching rate of fertilized eggs is 70%~80%.
3. North Korea Quail Production Cycle
It was bred by North Korea through the separation and selection of Japanese quail. Most Korean quail bred in my country are imported from Longcheng and Huangcheng in North Korea. After being introduced into my country, the quail breeding farm of Beijing Poultry Company has been closed for many years, and its uniformity and production performance have been greatly improved. At present, it has become the leading species in the quail breeding industry in my country. The feathers are gray-brown with black feathers, and the feathers are similar to those of Japanese quail. Quails are slightly larger than Japanese quails, with adult male quails weighing 125-130 grams and female quails weighing about 150 grams (larger quails weighing 160-180 grams). It has fast growth and development, early sexual maturity, about 270 to 280 eggs, an average egg weight of about 11.5 to 12 grams, and the eggshell has plaques or spots.
4. French White Feather Quail Production Cycle
The French white quail line was bred by the French Quail Breeding Center. The body feathers are white, and the adult quail weighs 140 grams. It starts production at 40 days old. The average annual egg production rate is 75%; the highest is 80%, and the average egg weight is 11 grams.
5. Nannong Hidden Yellow Feather Quail Production Cycle
The mutant individuals were discovered in the quail breeding farm of Nanjing Agricultural University and bred. The body feathers are light yellow, and the body shape and weight are similar to those of Korean quails, and their egg-laying rate and disease resistance are higher than those of Korean quails. The peak egg production rate reaches 93%-95%, and the average annual egg production is over 83%.
6. Quail Production Cycle, Estonia
The body feathers of Estonia quail are ocher and dark brown. The breast of the male quail is ocher, and the breast of the female quail is grayish-brown with black spots. The body is round with a short neck and a short tail, and the front of the back is slightly higher, forming a peak. The female quail weighs 10%~12% heavier than the male quail, has the ability to fly, and has no nesting ability. This breed is a quail with both egg and meat. Its main production performance: 315 eggs per year, 165 eggs in the first 6 months, 91% egg production rate, 86% average annual egg production rate, and total annual egg production The weight is 3.8 kg, and the average age at the start of production is 47 days. Adult quail consumes 28.6 grams of feed per day and 2.62 kg per kilogram of egg weight. The average live weight consumption of meat quails per kilogram is 2.83 kg. At 35 days of age, the average live weight is 140 grams for male quail and 150 grams for female quail; the average evisceration weight is 90 grams for male quail and 100 grams for female quail. At 47 days of age, the average live weight is 170 grams for male quail and 190 grams for female quail; the average eviscerated weight is 120 grams for male quail and 130 grams for female quail.
How to make quail produce more quail eggs in the production cycle?
1. High-quality feed
After the female quail begins to lay eggs, the appetite is strong. The crude protein should generally account for about 28% of the feed. At the same time, pay attention to the supplementary supply of calcium and phosphorus in the diet. Therefore, it should be fed with compound feed, and feed as little as possible or not. Whole material.
2. Eliminate in time
The female quail begins to lay eggs 35 to 45 days after hatching, and the egg production decreases after 8 to 10 months of laying. The female quail that lays eggs for more than 1 year should be eliminated as soon as possible and sold for consumption after fattening.
3. Environmental control
Female quail laying eggs have certain requirements for temperature and humidity. The house temperature should be maintained at 18 degrees Celsius to 25 degrees Celsius, humidity should be controlled between 50% and 60%, and sufficient clean drinking water and green and green water should be maintained. Juice feed.
The laying female quail has certain requirements on temperature and environment. If the ambient temperature is lower than 15 degrees, the egg production will be reduced or even stop laying, so the quail house temperature should be kept between 18-25 degrees.
The above is the production cycle of different species of quail in the world, and at the same time, I will share how to make quail produce more quail eggs in the production cycle.